Shravanabelagola a town in Channarayapattana taluk of Hassan a District in the Karnataka State of India, positioned at 12.8519° N, 76.4807° E, at an elevation of 2858 ft ASL, is an important Jain pilgrimage center in India. Shravanabelagola was earlier called Gommatapura, also called Dakshina Kashi, and Jain Kashi it is 144 km from Bangalore (Bengaluru) via NH 75.
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- Why is Shravanabelagola is an important Jain pilgrimage site?
- History and Legend of Shravanabelagola.
- Geography of Shravanabelagola.
- The Bahubali statue is also Called the Gomateshwara.
- Monuments at Vindhyagiri are also Called Indragiri and Doddabetta.
- Monuments at Chandragiri are also Called Chikkabetta.
- Nearby Shravanabelagola Town important Jain Monuments.
- How to Reach Shravanabelagola?
- Shravanabelagola Hd Photos and 4K Videos gallery.
- Shravanabelagola Accommodation, Food, and Local Transportation.
- Mahamastakabhisheka at Shravanabelagola.
- Shravanabelagola Maps and local guide.
- What is the difference between Shravanbela Gola (Rural) and Shravanabelagola Town?
The town of Shravanabelagola is an important pilgrimage center for Jain, the reason it has been in continuous connection with Jainism for the past 2300 years, remember Jainism was founded in the year 527 BCE by Vardhamana Jnatiputra also called Nataputta Mahavira (599-527 BCE) the 24th and the last Tirthankara, the present Jainism is shaped by him.
- Shravanabelagola got its first Jain connection with the arrival of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya of the Great Mauryan dynasty (between 322 and 185 BCE) and his teacher “Bhadrabahu” came and settled here in the year 298 BCE. Emperor Chandragupta Maurya who had adopted the Jain religion, meditated here for 5 weeks without any food and drink followed the death, this kind of activity is called sallekhana or santhara in the religion of Jain. Hence Just within 200 years of founding Jainism by Mahavir, it reached Shravanabelagola from Patna (a city in present-day Bihar) where Lord Mahavir had started preaching Jainism, which is 2300 km away, Thus Jainism started to spread in South India around 2300 years ago at the time of Chandragupta Maurya.
- The arrival of Chandragupta Maurya and his guru Bhadrabahu had influenced the other ruling Dynasties then here, like Western Gangas, and Hoysalas, to convert themselves to Jainism, which resulted, they contributed heavily to the spread of Jainism in their Kingdoms and created some of the most iconic Jain monuments and Architectural wonders in and around Shravanabelagola. The Bhagawan Bahubali Statue also called the Gomateshwara Statue listed in 7 wonders of India was the contribution of the western Gangas to Jainism at Shravanabelagola.
- In the year Circa 987 CE Shravanabelagola turned into Shri Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra because, at that time, the founder of The Bhagawan Bahubali Statue, Sri Chavundaraya who was the minister of the Western Ganga King performed “Mahamastakabhisheka” for the newly sculptured Bhagawan Bahubali Statue, He performed “Panchamrutha abhisheka” with water, Saffron, turmeric, Mysore sandalwood paste, and Milk. However, all the precious substances were not enough to reach even the knees of the Bahubali statue, Yakshi Kushmandini Devi disguised as an older woman climbed up the hill bearing milk in a small cup and stood in front of Chavundaraya, told him that she too would perform abhisheka. Chavundaraya laughed at her words when a commander like him had poured pots of milk, and not even half of the statue was wet, is this woman joking, he asked . after a lot of persuasion by the older woman still, he allowed her to mount the scaffolding. The older woman carrying the thimble-sized cup made with Brinjal (eggplant) climbed up and poured the milk on the Bahubali’s head and behold, the entire length of the body was awash! The abhisheka was complete. The Milk from the older woman’s cup flowed like a river and reached the pond at the bottom of the hill. Chavundaraya standing at the foot of the statue bowed his head with humility. Ego is evil; he mused and realized that the feeling that he had done everything had filled his being. The old Woman is called Gullakayajji under the statue is also installed in front of the Bahubali statue. Gulla in Kannada means Brinjal (Eggplant) ajji means Grand, mother.
- Shravanabelagola is Shri Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra, attracts Three kinds, groups of people, one group is who are attracted towards the Bahubali statue popularly called the Gomateshwara Statue, The Bahubali statue here in sublime and innocent as a child, this 58.8-foot tall monolithic statue is located in Vindhyagiri hill is the highest in the world, and listed in 7 wonders of India, having a history of more than 2300 years, It has waxed and waned in its influence on people but the appeal of art and architecture has never waned.
- The second group of people which attracts in large numbers to Shravanabelagola is the Jain people, who are attracted to the Chandragiri, which is the most ancient Jain Center in South India, as per tradition, The hill itself named after him. Chandra means Chandragupta Maurya, and Giri means hill in the local Kannada Language. The history of Shravanabelagola Chandragiri has a history of 1300 years before the Bahubali statue, which is to be synonymous with the history of Jainism in Karnataka.
- The third group of people is History geeks and ancient architecture lovers, Shravanabelagola houses over 100 ancient monuments, Sculptures, and Stone Inscriptions, and the culture dates back to 2300 years. Further, these monuments belong to various dynasties who had a different style of architecture like the Ganga Dynasty (6th to 10th Centuries), The Hoysala Dynasty (10th to 14th Centuries), The Vijayanagar Dynasty ( 15 to 17th Centuries), and the Wodeyars of Mysore (17th to 19th Centuries). For example, the Lord Bahubali statue is in the Ganga style of architecture, Akkana Basadi is in the Hoysala style of architecture.
- The contribution of Jainism to the Indian philosophical thought, literature, art, and science is noteworthy. The great poets’ Pampa, Ranna, Ponna, Janna, Ratnakaravarni, and scores of others have enriched Kannada literature immensely; in architecture and sculpture, the Jains were second to none.
- There is a Monastery whose walls are decorated with a painting depicting the lives of some Jain Sramanas and Kings, and it also contains two temples dedicated to Chandranatha and Parshwanatha. Bhandara Vasathi is another biggest temple which is a fine specimen of Hoysala style architecture, Akkana Basadi is a shrine with a tower containing many carvings and a statue of Parshwanatha. a white pond, located in between at the foot of the Indragiri hill; the Pond seems to have been created in place of the “Belagola” of the past, by the King of Mysore Sri Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar in the 17th Century. these above points make Shravanabelagola an important Jain pilgrimage site and a holy place not for the Jains but a national treasure popular with shrines and temples of remarkable beauty and stand testimony to ancient and medieval India”s Splendour in sculpture and architecture.
- The history of Shravanabelagola starts at Chandragiri also called Chikkabetta, which is the most ancient Jain Center in South India, as per tradition, Emperor Chandragupta Maurya of the Great Mauryan dynasty (between 322 and 185 BCE) and his teacher “Bhadrabahu” came and settled here in the year 298 BCE. Emperor Chandragupta Maurya had adopted the Jain religion and meditated here for 5 weeks without any food or drink following the death, this kind of activity is called sallekhana or santhara in the religion of Jain. The hill itself named after him. Chandra means Chandragupta Maurya, and Giri means hill in the local Kannada Language. The history of Shravanabelagola Chandragiri has a history of 1300 years before the Bahubali statue, which is to be synonymous with the history of Jainism in Karnataka.
- There is also Chandragupta Basadi on the mountain, which reminds me of the Jain Tradition, and this Chandragupta Basadi along with Chavundaraya basadi famous not only in Shravanabelagola but also in entire Karnataka.
- Chavundaraya, who was Minister in Ganga Dynasty, was the man behind the Colossus of Lord Bahubali.
- How did this statue come to be standing here? That Story is as exciting as the story of Bahubali’s life. The Bahubali statue was installed in the year 981 CE. There is no trace of evidence that remains to determine which sculptor chiseled this statue and in how many days. There cannot be any doubt that thousand must have toiled to fashion this image. The surmise lingers that a renowned sculptor called Arishtanemi created the statue of Bahubali (Gommateshwara).
- Similarly, Chavundaraya’s motive is commissioning; this statue is in guess. Chavundaraya, a commander serving under that Ganga King Marasimha II and Rachamalla IV, invited a poet to his court once. The poet related the story of Bharata and Bahubali. He said the Bahubali idol “500 bows tall” existed at Paudanapura, where Bahubali ruled.
- Chavundaraya’s mother, Kaala Devi, felt a sincere wish to see such an idol. Unable to figure out a way to fulfill his mother’s dream, he sought the guidance of Guru Nemichandra Siddhanta Deva, he assured him that reaching Paundanpura was not difficult provided one “possessed faith and dedication.”
- While traveling through the wilderness with his mother in search of Paudanapura, Chavundaraya stopped for rest near a large pond. He was stunned by the serenity and the appearance of Doddabetta (Vindhyagiri) from one angle as a sleeping sage.
- Chikkabetta(Chandragiri) had already gained a reputation as the chosen site of samadhi for muni; for this reason, Chikkabetta known as “Katavapra” of the mound of samadhi. Guru Nemichandra Siddhanta Deva, who was accompanying Chavundaraya, explained the importance of this hill to him. Chavundaraya and his mother chose a spot near a huge rock to rest, to ensure that they did not disturb the sages living on the hill.
- Chavundaraya had a strange dream that night in which he saw Bharata and Bahubali statues of giant proportions, to his question whether it is possible to see such figures, in reality, the reply comes from Yakshi, “Yakshi Kushmandini” such efforts will not yield fruit in Kaliyuga, she tells him and asks him to abandon the attempt. Then How should I fulfill my mother’s wish to give a despondent Chavundaraya? ” Wake up tomorrow morning and shoot an arrow from Chikkabetta to Doddabetta, A Bahubali idol will rise there, Yakshi Kushmandini assures him.
- Chavundaraya does exactly as “Yakshi Kushmandini” said, with the roar of a thousand lightning strikes, the rock on Doddabetta splits, and the Bahubali statue blossoms there. Along with his Mother Kaala Devi, Chavundaraya reaches the spot and have darshan of the Bahubali statue that is visible from all points and casts a spell on the viewer.
- Chavundaraya is not only known for commissioning the statue of Bahubali in the year 981 CE, much before the Bahubali statue was installed, but he had also written a volume in prose on the story of 24 Tirthankaras, titled “Thirshasthi Lakshana Maha Purana.” He is also the first poet to render into Kannada, the Maha Purana story originally in Sanskrit. This work is also known as “Chavundaraya Purana’, has the distinction of being the second work of prose in Kannada after “Vaddaradhane.”
Shravanabelagola geography nestles between the twin hillocks of Chandragiri, and Vindhyagiri aka Indragiri ( locally known as Doddabetta)
The evolution of the Gommata (Bahubali) image has a long history in Karnataka, and The earliest Gommata figures are in the Jaina caves of Badami and Aihole created by the great Chalukyas which belong to the 6th century C.E.
- Bhagawan Bahubali (Gomateshwara) Statue, the fifty-eight feet statue is considered to be the tallest monolithic statue in the World, atop Vindhyagiri at Shravanabelagola, a visual surprise, are an absolute symbol of Ahimsa (Non-violence) and supreme sacrifice. While Ahimsa brings happiness, the sacrifice ushers in peace. Bhagavan Gomateshwara Statue, depicted in the upright position of meditation known as Kayotsarga, practiced attaining salvation by renunciation, self-restraint, and complete dominance over ego.
- The Founder of the Bahubali (Gommateshwara) Statue is Sri Chavundaraya also called Chamundaraya and the Sculptor was a renowned Sculptor at that time Sri Arishtanemi. They both belong to the Ganga Dynasty ( Western Ganga as Historians call them)
- The Digambara form is typical of Jains, and it symbolizes one’s victory over worldly attachment and wishes. The statue has ringlets, curly hair, elongated ears, opened eyes in a face with perfectly chiseled features, exhibiting a faint smile. His face, laugh, and posture embody the calm vitality of ascetic detachment, shows divine grace. The base of the statue depicts an anthill and a creeper is entwines both his legs and arms blossoming into flowers in the upper arms. The monolithic statue stands on a carved lotus flower, as the symbol of his childhood and divinity.
- Bhagwan Bahubali, with its everlasting smile and good looks, proclaims “Ahimsa” and “Vairagya” as the panacea for all the ills of this World.
- The statue of Bhagawan Bahubali (Gommateshwara) is 23.9 feet across shoulders, has a 10 feet waistline, 5.6 feet long middle finger, 9 feet long feet, 2.9 feet long toe, and the breath across the foot is feet is 4.6. Next to the Gommata statue, there are “Manasathambas”( free-standing pillars of enormous dimensions, of this Tyagada Brahmadeva pillar erected by Chavundaraya, is unrivaled.
The Details of the measurements of the Bahubali monolith statue at Shravanabelagola made by the Indian Art History Institute are below ( all figures in feet).
|Foot to Knee||15.2|
|Foot to waist||31.4|
|Foot to Navel||34.1|
|Foot to neckline||45.1|
|Foot to neck||47.8|
|Neckline to neck||2.8|
|Length of arms||30|
|Length of ears||5.1|
|Length of Nose||3.9|
|Length of hand||30|
|Ear to Ear||8.1|
- What critics said about this Monolith Statue of Bhagwan Bahubali:
- The great art critic Mr. Ferguson’s descriptions of this 58.8 feet high Bahubali, aka Gomateshwara “nothing grander or more imposing exists anywhere, no know stature surpasses it in height.
- Sri Bopanna, the Kannada poet in his celebrated work ” Gommata Stuti,” describes that the creation of Gommata is apt and cannot be improved. Three inscriptions are in the Kannada language, says ” Sri Chavundaraya Madisidam” (Meaning Chavundaraya founder of Bahubali Statue). Nearly 1040 years old, but still looking serene and freshly carved.
- The Bahubali statue of Shravanabelagola leaves everyone wonderstruck; the 12th Century poet Bopanna described the statue’s charm as “Soundaryamounnanthayamum,” meaning “loftiest beauty.” Accordingly, a statue that can match this in beauty and height exists nowhere. Not one of the three similar monuments, even in Karnataka, can reach the Shravanabelagola Bahubali statue, which feels like a divine creation.
Vindhyagiri is situated about 3,288 MSL, is also known as Indra Giri (Doddabetta) rises to a height of 143 meters (469 feet) from the ground level. At its summit reached by three rows of flight of 625 steps, cut into the bedrock, is an open courtyard accommodating the 58 feet monolithic (single stone) sculpture of Bahubali belonging to the Western Ganga period. This magnificent sculpture installed by Chavundaraya around the year 982 C.E., is the tallest monolithic statue in India, said to have been carved by the sculptor Arishtanemi, the famous sculptor of that time period.
On the way to reach the statue, one has to climb steps and cross the Akhanda bagilu a doorway bearing an elegant relief sculpture of seated Goddess Gajalakshmi, cared out of a single rock (10th Century C.E.), the minutely embellished Tyagada – Brahmadeva pillar also installed by Chavundaraya, The Trikuta (Odegalu) Basadi (14th Century C.E), Chennana Basadi (the year 1667 C.E), Chauvisa Tirthankara Basadi (also in the year 1667 C.E.), Siddhanta Basadi (17th-18th Century C.E.), Surrounding the Statue of Bahubali are the stone railings, the pillared cloister (Suttalya) with a series of cells enshrining the 24 Tirthankaras. Below are the details of all the monuments step by step in real order.
1. Shravanabelagola Temple Entrance Arch, please carry water and eatable atop nothing is available, Palanquin (Doli) facility is available here if required you can take here. (please note at present in December 2020, this facility is not available due to Covid19.
2. After the Shravanabelagola Temple Entrance Arch, you will be greeted by another arch which is an ancient arc just before the first step towards atop, then after climbing another 30 on the left-hand side you can visit the Sri 1008 Parshwanath Swamy Jaruguppe Temple.
3. Wodegal Basadi is so-called because of the stone props against its basement. It is the only tirkutachala (Triple-shrine) temple at Shravanabelagola. Built of granite blocks, it is impressive for the commanding position it occupies. All the Pillars in the main hall are circular in shape, and the outer walls are complete. In the three sanctums are beautiful images of Tirthankaras carved. The temple dated to 14th-century CE. in literary works is known as “Trikta Basadi.
4. Tyagada Kamba In the center of the pavilion is an elaborately carved pillar that is unmatched in artistic beauty. Minister Chavundaraya distributed gifts to the needy and the deserving from here. Another view is that he renounced from here all his worldly possessions, including his life. The entire scroll designs, elegant artistry, and bold lines bring out the best of the Ganga artistry. The original inscription at the base was erased in about 1200 CE by Heggade Kanna. Heggade installed the Yaksha image on top of this pillar and got a record engraved at its pedestal some Five hundred years late, and an upper Mantapa built in brick and mortar.
5. Chennanna Basadi to the west of Tyagada Kamba (pillar) is a pond 12 meters by 12 meters, an open hall of 24 pillars, Basti with a Manasthambha, and another Pond. The Chennanna Basti is built against a boulder, with an open Mantapa. The image is relived on the boulder that forms the southern wall of the sanctum. The sanctum is adorned with a small shikhara. the sanctum has the image of Chandraprabha the 8th Tirthankara. The Mansathambha 30 feet high is a masterpiece of Ganga Workmanship. The basadi and the pillared hall were constructed by Chennana, son of Puttaswamy Setti in the year 1667 C.E.
6. Akanda Bagilu is the doorway that has got the Gajalakshmi Panel, above the door lintel. Goddess Lakshmi is seated on a Lotus Flower, flanked by two Elephants which anoint the goddess with pots held in their trunks. The relief sculptures of crocodiles and lions from the upper part of the panel. This relief is one of the finest and largest shelters of Gajalakshmi in India, undoubtedly the best of Ganga Workmanship. While this doorway is assignable to 980 CE. The two cells at its sides were added around 1130 CE by Bharathamayya, a general of Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana. The two relief sculptures in the cells represent Bharata and Bahubali, refer to the image on the left-hand side to under this better.
7. Siddanth Basadi is located on the hilltop and it is one of the oldest Basadi.
Chandragiri hill is situated about 3049 feet MSL, named after the Maurya Empire, Emperor Chandragupta is another most important sight in Shravanabelagola.
Chandragupta Basadi, a Jain temple dedicated to Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, lies to the left of Kattale Basadi and it is the smallest basadi on the hill. The Jain Shrine is noted for its splendid architecture.
Kattale Basadi (meaning dark Basadi) is so-called because it is ill-lit. The most distinctive characteristic, not seen in any other structure on the hill, is its Circumambulation passage. An inscription, the pedestal of Adinatha sculpture in the sanctum, says that the temple was built by minister Gangajaraja under the Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana, on behalf of his mother Poci Kabbe, in about 1118 CE. The images of the Yaksha and Yakshi at the sanctum doorway are also of excellent Hoysala craft. and this the largest Basadi in Chandragiri.
Majjigana Basadi is dedicated to Lord Amanthanatha, 14th Jain Tirthankara.
Shasana Basadi is so-called because of the Sasana(inscription) located at its entrance. The image of Adinatha, seated in the Paryankasana (a typical yogic posture) on a lion-throne in the sanctum, has an inscription stating that Gangaraja built this “indrakulagraha”(an abode of Goddess Lakshmi). The Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana granted village Parama for its maintenance. The Ambika yakshi and Sarvahna Yaksha are of Hoysala style of architecture, as Gangaraja is stated to have built the Kattale Basti and Sasana Basti on Chandragiri hill, it may be assumed that the first temple was built on behalf of this mother Pocikabbe and the second on behalf of his wife Lakshmimathi in the year 1118 CE.
Chandraprabha Basadi, Parshwanatha Basadi, and Chavundaraya Basadi Architecturally very interesting and historically immensely significant, The Chavundaraya Basadi Named after Chavundaraya, a granite structure, is a perfect specimen of Ganga stone architecture (10th Century). Though the outer walls are understandable, the parapet and tower are ornate. A row of swans below the eaves, the horseshoe-shaped arches on the cornice, a row of sea-horse and lion-faced fishes at the lowermost row of the parapet, a row of large reliefs of Tirthankaras, Yakshas, Yakshas, Gandharvas, Elephants, other shelters, and the gable shaped crowning architectural members, are of absorbing interest. This basadi is an architectural wizard because it has a two-story model, The sanctum houses an image of Neminatha carved by a famous Hoysala artist Gangachari, Son of Hoysala Chari. In the vestibule are the sculptures of Sarvahana Yaksha and Ambika Yakshi of the Hoysala period (12th century CE). A narrow staircase at the southeast corner leads to the upper story. There is a standing image of Tirthankara of 10th century CE, in the top story of the temple, an inscription of this Basadi states that the son made it of Chavundaraya.
Savatigandhavarana Basadi derives its name from one of the epithets of Shantala queen of Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana. The most charming and versatile of his queens and rutting elephants to the co-wives. Queen Shantala built this Basti in the year 1123 CE, the seated image of Shantinatha, the 16th Tirthankara one meter high, on the lion-throne in the Garbhagriha and the Sarvahana Yaksha and Ambika Yakshi in the vestibule area of Hoysala architecture.
Terina Basadi, named after the chariot stone structure facing it was built by Macikabbe and Shantikabbe, mothers of two royal merchants, Poysala Setti and Nemi Setti respectively, consecrated in the year 1117 CE. The Bahubali image in the Sanctum is not that of a Tirthankara but a Kevalin. Images of Sarvahna Yaksha and Ambika Yakshi in the vestibule area of Hoysala architecture assignable to the 12th Century CE.
- Iruve-Brahmadeva Basadi was constructed in 950 CE.
- Bhadrabahu Cave, Bhadrabahu Guru of Chandragupta Maurya the last Shruta Kevalin.
- Marasimha’s Manasthambha popularly called Kuge Brahmadeva Pillar is a fine specimen of Ganga artistry and one of the most elegant of the free-standing pillars, erected in honor of Ganga King, Marasimha, who died observing the rite of Aradhana at Bankapur ( Dharwad district, Karnataka) in circa 974 CE. This pillar is considered both a commemorative column as well as a Manasthamabha. The column is 30 feet high and has sarvahna Yaksha at the top. The 113 lines inscription engraved on the pedestal begins on the southern face and ends on the eastern front. It gives a glowing account of the king, his heroic life, and of this pious end.
- Shantishwara Basadi, Mahanavami Mantapa, Bhadrabahu Inscriptions, Gangaraja Mantap, Eradukatte Basadi, and Nishidhi Mantapa are other monuments can be visited here.
- Shantala Devi, the Hoysala Queen of Raja Vishnuvardhana, built “Savati Gandharva Basadi” on Chandragiri hill. Chandragupta Basadi in the Chandra Giri Hill is believed to have been made by Ashoka, the Great. The Panels and inscriptions here carved on a highly polished black stone depict the life of Chandragupta Maurya and his guru Bhadrabahu muni.
- Bhadrabahu Basadi, a small natural cave, occupied himself and attained Nirvana in this cave, located near the peak of the hill. His footprints engraved on a stone slab believed to be the place where emperor Chandragupta Maurya attained samadhi after 12 years of penance. Besides, there are many other Basadis and areas of interest in Shravanabelagola and neighboring Jinanathapura and Kambadahalli, and those were the creations of the Gangas and Hoysalas, who were the foremost patrons of Jainism in Karnataka.
The town of Shravanabelagola is an important pilgrimage center for Jain because it houses a large no of Jain Mutts and basadis which are having more than 2300 years of HIstorical as well as cultural and religious importance and also because Vindhyagiri and Chandragiri are already declared as “Shri Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra”, the most important Jain Mutts, Temples, and Basadis are as below.
Chauvisa Tirthankara Basadi was constructed in the year 1648 CE.
Bhandara Basadi Built in the year 1159 CE, near the entrance of Vindhyagiri hill, Facing the Jaina Matha is the Bhandara Basadi built by Bhandari Hullayya, a Hoysala Treasurer in the year 1159 CE. This rectangular structure has Garbhagriha with 12 pillars and also pilasters, a Rangamati, and another Ranga Mantapa at the entrance called Saraswathi Mantapa. The Back wall has a long peetha with 24 Tirthankaras in uniform height, installed in a row and they have fine decoration on the prabhavali, and also the figure of their respective Yaksha-Yakshini on either side. Outside the wide garbhagriha with 36 columns to the right and left of the Ranga Mantapa, there are four shrines, and one of them houses Padmavathi and another Brahma. The entrance of the Navrang has a very beautiful image of dancing Indra. The Saraswati Mantapa is a later renovation, Where pravachanam was held. this was renovated by a Changalava minister Devappa in Vijayanagara style.
Akkana Basadi was built in the year 1181 CE by Aciyakka, wife of minister Chandramauli of, Hoysala King Ballala II. This Jain Temple derives its present name from its patron, is an elegant temple, with its tower preserved intact, exhibits the characteristic features of Hoysala architecture. Built-in dark-blue schist, planned in the shape of a ‘star’, it possesses typical bell-shaped pillars, ornate ceilings, and doorways. The projected portion of the 18′ feet high tower bears an elaborately carved Tirthankaras panel with Yakshas on either side. The Kirtimukha at the top has added dignity to this panel. The Parshvanatha image in the sanctum is 6 feet 4 inches high with the serpent canopy and the images of Dharmendra Yaksha and Padmavathi Yakshi are of the unique value of the students of Jaina art. At the western end of the Akkana basadi enclosure is the Siddhanta basadi, while the one near its entrance is called Danssala Basadi.⇔
- Shantinatha Basadi, Parshvanatha Basadi, lotus pond located in Jinanathapura near Chandragiri hill. These Basadis in Jinanathapura are in Hoysala style, built by Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana Commander Gangaraja. and these Basadis standing on live rock and an elevated platform with a Garbhagriha, Ardha mandapa, and Rangamantapa with typical styling Hoysala pillars. Houses excellent marble Parshwanatha image, which was not the one originally installed. One Bhujabalayya established this new image in the year 1889 CE. The Shantinatha Basadi here is known for its exquisite embellishment.
- Hale Belagola restored ancient Parshwanath Digambar Jain Basadi built in the year 1094 CE in the Hoysala style of architecture.
- Janivara Kere at a distance of 8 km from Shravanabelagola offers boating and water sports.
Shravanabelagola is well connected with Rail, Air, and Road network below are the details of it.
- By Air: Airports near Shravanabelagola, Bangalore/ Bengaluru, Kempegowda International Airport (166 km via NH 75), Mangalore Mangalore International Airport (233 km via NH 75), Mysore Airport (99 km via NH150A and SH47).
- By Rail: Railway stations near Shravanabelagola, Channarayapatna, Hirisave, Mandagere, Samudra Valli, Sravanur, Birahalli, Annechakanahali, Hole Narsipur, Akkihebbalu, Bengaluru, Mysore, Mandya, and Arsikere Railway stations.
- By Road: Shravanabelagola has the service of State Highway 47 and 8 and National Highway 75, so it is well connected by road.
Cuisines, Food, and Restaurants in Shravanabelagola:
- Typical Karnataka Cuisines like Idli, Uddina vada, Rotti, Rice, Sambhar, Ragi Ball, Bisi Bele Bath, and other items available.
- Veg Special Jain Food like Rajasthani, Marwadi, Gujarathi, Jain Oswal Marwari Bhojnalaya is also available.
Accommodation in Shravanabelagola:
- Vindyananda Yatrinivas provided by the Jain Mutt.
The Concept of Mahamastakabhisheka at Shravanabelagola dates back to the time of the very installation of the Bahubali statue. Chavundaraya is likely to have got the first Mahamastakabhisheka performed as soon as he got the figure made and while performing the installation ceremony. Because any idol created by a sculptor is unsuitable for worship until appropriate rituals are performed. And this ritual is familiar in Hinduism and Buddhism, just as in Jainism. All deities need poojas and abhisheka. These cannot be delivered daily to an image as immense as the Bahubali statue. Only pada (feet) pooja can help every day. Given this, they decided to conduct Mahamastakabhisheka to Bahubali once in 12 years. The considerable cost involved also must have been taken into consideration. The First Mahamastakabhisheka took place in the year 981 CE itself.
The epic poem ” Devachandra Rajawali Kate” gives a vivid description of the Mahamastakabhisheka that Chavundaraya, performed. He performed “Panchamrutha abhisheka” with water, Saffron, turmeric, Mysore sandalwood paste, and Milk. However, all the precious substances were not enough to reach even the knees of the Bahubali statue, Yakshi Kushmandini Devi disguised as an older woman climbed up the hill bearing milk in a small cup and stood in front of Chavundaraya, told him that she too would perform abhisheka. Chavundaraya laughed at her words when a commander like him had poured pots of milk, and not even half of the statue was wet, is this woman joking, he asked . after a lot of persuasion by the older woman still, he allowed her to mount the scaffolding. The older woman carrying the thimble-sized cup made with Brinjal (eggplant) climbed up and poured the milk on the Bahubali’s head and behold, the entire length of the body was awash! The abhisheka was complete. The Milk from the older woman’s cup flowed like a river and reached the pond at the bottom of the hill. Chavundaraya standing at the foot of the statue bowed his head with humility. Ego is evil; he mused and realized that the feeling that he had done everything had filled his being. The old Woman is called Gullakayajji under the statue is also installed in front of the Bahubali statue. Gulla in Kannada means Brinjal (Eggplant) ajji means Grand, mother.
Since then, Mahamastakabhisheka is being celebrated as a rule once in 12 years. All Abhishekas have not been documented. The abhisheka in the year 1981 CE after 1000 years since the inception of the statue was unprecedented. The year 2018 was the last Mahamastakabhisheka, next will be in the year 2030.
The sequence of Abhishekas for Lord Bahubali (Gommateshwara) statue at Shravanabelagola:
- Tender coconut
- Sugar cane Juice
- Flour of Rice
- Turmeric paste
- Herbal liquid (Kashaya)
- First Kalash
- Second Kalash
- Third Kalash
- Fourth Kalash
- Mysore Sandal paste
- Colored Sandal paste
- Eight types of Sandal paste
- saffron flowers
- silver flowers
- Gold flowers
- Shower of flowers
- Central Kalash
- Indira, Eight kinds of precious items.
- Aarathi with lamps.
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